Brihadeesvara Temple Thanjavur
Here are the ochre foundation blocks of perhaps the most remarkable civilization of Dravidian history, one of the few kingdoms to expand Hinduism beyond India, a bedrock for aesthetic styles that spread from Madurai to the Mekong. A dizzying historical legacy was forged from Thanjavur, capital of the great Chola Empire during its heyday, which is today a hectic, crowded, noisy, modern Indian town. But the past is still very much present: every day thousands of people still worship at the Cholas’ grand Brihadishwara Temple, and Thanjavur’s labyrinthine royal palace preserves memories of other powerful dynasties from later centuries.
Thanjavur was earlier known as Tanjore. It was the royal city of the Chola, Nayak and the Maratha rulers. Thanjavur derives its name from Tanjan, a giant, who, according to legend, devastated the neighbourhood and was killed by goddess Sri Anandavalli Amman and Lord Vishnu.
Tanjan’s last request that the city be named after him was granted. Thanjavur reached the zenith of its glory between 10th and 14th centuries, especially during the reign of Raja Raja Chola. Thanjavur has produced many classical musicians and Bharatanatyam dancers and is also well known for its unique painting style called Tanjore Painting and Thavil, a percussion instrument.
Apart from hundreds of ancient temples, the district is also known for its exquisite handicrafts, castings, pith craft and South Indian musical instruments.
Visit this beautiful town and enjoy the essence of ancient Indian history.
Airavateshwarar Temple Thanjavur