The Jantar Mantar conservatory in Jaipur, Rajasthan requires no special introduction of its existence. Being a UNESCO World Heritage site, the architectural luminosity of Jantar Mantar is a magnetism of its own kind. Situated near Hawa Mahal and renowned City Palace, Jantar Mantar was built by Rajput king Sawai Jai Singh. The work of this greatest monument was completed ages back in 17th century.
If we plunge into the history of Jantar Mantar, King Jai Singh was quite enthusiastic about astrology and geometry. Not only this, Jai Singh was a keen follower of Ptolemy’s Syntaxes, Aryabhatta’s mathematical concepts and the works of Uzbek astronomer. Jantar Mantar is an outcome of his extensive knowledge about European and Hindu astronomers wherein, the word ‘Jantar’ indicates instrument and the word ‘Mantar’ signifies formula. Hence, you can also come to see a supreme compilation of stone, scientific instruments and design principles of Sanskrit manuscripts here. One more intellectual concept behind this construction was to envisage the fortune of King during the wars that time.
Even today, after many decades of its construction, this astronomical observatory not only pulls Indian tourists, but many global tourists as well.
Things to See
Located in the heart of Jaipur city in Rajasthan, Jantar Mantar has nineteen key geometric devices to measure the time and monitor the orbit around the sun. One of the key tourist pullers in Jantar Mantar is ‘Samrat Yantra’, which is the world’s biggest sundial. This instrument was built to know the time on the basis of the shadow of the sun. In addition, the concept behind the architecture of ‘Jaiprakash Yantra’ and ‘Rashivalyas Yantra’ will equally offer you everlasting memories at the end of your trip here.
Let’s have a look into the key attractions at Jantar Mantar:
#Samrat Yantra: It is known as the world’s biggest sundial (more than 27 meters in height) and the heart of tourist pullers at Jantar Mantar. Samrat Yantra was designed to know the time based upon the shadow of the sun. You will also get to notice an arc marble surface with lines here. These lines were meant for indicating the degrees, seconds and minutes. There is a smaller sundial as well, which is known as ‘Laghu Samrat Yantra’.
#Yantra Raj: This amazing creation tells you about your stars. Yantra Raj is a set of metallic discs marked with different planets and a tiny hole in the centre of these planetary marks. A telescopic pipe was inserted through this hole. The disc was rotated on the basis of the angle of the constellation. At night, the planetary conditions were observed accordingly to check their alignment as per the horoscopes.
#Rashivalyas Yantra: This is a zodiac instrument containing 12 different zodiac signs or Rashis. The arcs of each instrument were structured and angled in such a direction that the sun’s rays fall only on one instrument, which represents a particular month related to that zodiac sign or Rashi. The amazing structure of Rashivalyas Yantra will amaze you with the intellect and architectural brilliance behind its creation.
#Ram Yantra: This is another master stroke that one must observe. Ram Yantra was constructed to determine the altitude of the sun. To know it, a long perpendicular rod was inserted at the centre. On the other hand, around the rod some circular discs were angled with some markings. On the basis of the shadow of the sun on these marks, one could determine the altitude of the sun. If you are unable to figure out this intricate calculation, better option is to observe another instrument called Narivalya Yantra. Here, you will get to see two simple dials specifically meant for the winters and summers. The most fascinating part of these instruments is their accuracy that still amazes numerous footfalls at Jantar Mantar throughout the year.
#Jai Prakash Yantra: This instrument was structured to determine the zodiac month. Jai Prakash Yantra is a half-shaped sphere with some lines on it. These lines were added to represents the latitude and longitude of the earth along with zodiac symbols on it. Besides, you can also notice a metal sheet on it with a set of wires. This metal sheet shed a mark as per the position of the sun. Consequently, a shadow appears representing the zodiac month related to a particular zodiac sign.
In addition to the cited instruments, Jantar Mantar also has many other interesting instruments to offer. The following are some other instruments, which were designed to anticipate the time, eclipses stars and lot more things on the earth:
#Dakshin Bhitti Yantra: This instrument was constructed to measure the angular distances of celestial bodies.
#Chakra Yantra: This instrument came into existence to determine the time of various parts of the sphere.
#Digamsha Yantra: This instrument was put into practice for measuring sunrise and sunset timings.
#Dhruva Darshak Pattika: This is another amazing instrument at Jantar Mantar, which was designed to locate the pole star.
#Kapali Yantra: If you have the zeal to have a close view of the coordinates of celestial bodies, Kapali Yantra is the instrument you must watch. This instrument was for measuring the coordinates of celestial bodies.
#Kranti Vritta Yantra: It was designed to measure the latitude and longitude of celestial bodies.
#Laghu Samrat Yantra: This is a time measuring instrument that also attracts many tourists here.
#Shastansh Yantra: In order to measure the declination and diameter of the sun, Shastansh Yantra was brought into practice.
#Unnatasha Yantra: For measuring the elevation of celestial bodies, this instrument was designed.
In addition, you will also get to see some other electrifying instruments like Kanali Yantra, Vrihat Samrat Yantra, Nadi Valaya Yantra, Disha Yantra, Palbha Yantra and Misra Yantra.
- As a viewer, you will find all of these instruments huge in size or shape. However, from the context of a mathematician, they all were positioned as proportional to their accuracy.
- All the instruments were made using merely stones and marbles.
Timings and Charges:
For public visit, Jantar Mantar is open all week from 9AM to 5PM. The entry fee for Indians here is INR 40/visitor and for foreigners the fee is INR 200/visitor. On the other hand, the charges for students and children are exempted to some extent. However, carrying cameras or accompanying any guide will incur you additional charges.
The following table represents the charges of accompanying a guide and cameras:
|Camera fees (still/moveable)||50|
|Note: The guides will accompany you inside the Jantar Mantar for 40-60 minutes. After that new charges will be levied. Audio guide is also available in English, French, Spanish and Chinese.|
Reaching there at Jantar Mantar
The city of Jaipur is well-connected to various major cities of India via flights, trains and buses.
By Air: For air travellers, Jaipur airport is located only 12Kms away from the city area. Jaipur airport has both domestic and international air connectivity. Hence, reaching here by air is one of the most convenient ways for visitors. Some of the popular and regular air services at Jaipur airport are Indigo, Air India, SpiceJet etc. On the other hand, for global visitors, flights are available from the destinations like Dubai, Kuala Lumpur, Sharjah etc. Once you reach airport, you will find plenty of rickshaws, taxis and buses to drop you till Jantar Mantar.
By Train: Indian Railways plays a great role in connecting the pink city to various other parts of the country. Train journey from the cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Jammu, Haridwar, Bhopal, Ahmedabad etc. is quite regular. Some of the key trains to reach Jaipur are Shatabdi Express, Pune Jaipur Express, Adi SJ Rajdhani etc. Once you reach Jaipur Railway Station, you can hire Tuk Tuk or Rickshaw or any private cars to reach Jantar Mantar. From Jaipur railway station, Jantar Mantar is merely 2-3Kms away.
By Bus: Travelling to Jaipur via bus is always fun. The journey by bus is not only pocket-friendly, but it allows you a picturesque view on the go as well. There are many regular buses that run under the Rajasthan State Road Transport Corporation (RSRTC) from various cities within the state. In Jaipur, you can take a bus from the Sindhi Camp bus stand or from the Narayan Singh Circle. If you are travelling from the cities like Delhi, Ajmer, Kota, Ahmadabad, Udaipur and Vadodara, regular bus services are also there to reach Jaipur.
Self Drive: If you love to drive, nothing could be as exciting as driving to Jaipur of your own. From Delhi, you can follow the Delhi-Jaipur National Highway (NH) route to cross 260Kms distance to reach Jaipur. By road, Jaipur is conveniently connected via NH 8, 11 and12.
Staying Options in Jaipur
Being a blend of tradition and modernity, the pink city is visited by good numbers of tourists round the calendar. In order to justify its regal tradition and cordiality, many luxurious and budget hotels are erected from time-to-time in Jaipur.
Here are few nearby staying options for you:
#Hotel Heritage Heights
A 6, Near Fateh TIba M D Road Jaipur,
Rajasthan, India 302004
Charges: INR 3,000 per Room per Night
#Hotel Metro View Jaipur
OPP. Mayank Tower, Pareek College Road, Sindhi Camp,
Jaipur, Rajasthan, India 302002
Charges: INR 1,536 per Room per Night
#Haveli of Jaipur
2, Park House Scheme, M.I. Road, Near Ganpti Plaza, Jaipur,
Rajasthan, India 302001
Charges: INR 752 per Room per Night
#Hotel Garden View
D 51, Subhash Marg, Near Ahinsa Circle, C-Scheme,
Jaipur. (302050), Rajasthan, India 302050
Charges: INR 1,350 per Room per Night
#Hotel Gandharva by Peppermint
Station Road, Near Chandpole Police Line,
Jobner Bagh, Rajasthan, India 302006
Charges: INR 8,000 per Room per Night
Note: The charges may vary from time-to-time.
Jantar Mantar is undoubtedly an obvious place to explore in the pink city. Besides, some other intriguing sites are there as well that you can’t miss when you visit Jaipur. Some of the near around places to Jantar Mantar are Jaipur City Palace, Jaigarh Fort, Galta Monkey Temple, Hawa Mahal, Albert Hall Museum, Swargasuli tower, Tripolia Bazaar, Niwas Bagh, Chandpol Bazaar, Moti Dungari temple etc.
So, if visiting Rajasthan is in your upcoming trip plan, you must visit Jantar Mantar for sure. Leaving Jaipur without stepping into Jantar Mantar will never make it a complete trip.
- You have to walk a lot while exploring several instruments inside the hard complex of Jantar Mantar; hence wearing comfortable footwear is always recommended.
- Taking a guide will help you a lot to observe the things with understanding.
- Exploring the large complex of Jantar Mantar will hardly consume an hour of yours. So having done with your expedition here, you can head towards exploring other nearby attractions in the same day.
- You may also avail a composite ticket for entering some monuments like Amer Fort, Hawa Mahal, Jaigarh, Sisodia Gardens etc. For Indian visitors, it will cost INR 300/visitor and for foreigners, the cost will be somewhere around INR 1,000/ visitor