India in the 21st century is slowly modernizing itself and rapidly improving its economy. In fact, China and India are poised to be the next superpower axis in future. India has one of the largest population in the world, and it is increasing day by day.To meet the requirements of its citizens, massive infrastructure and technological innovation is being rolled out.
Out of the designated $500 billion in total infrastructure investment, one-third of the amount has been designated to roads, including a project to upgrade, rehabilitate, and widen major highways in India.The country’s 12th Five-Year plan, which runs from 2012 to 2017, will see the nation spending up-to $1 trillion on infrastructure.
Here are some infrastructural developments in India which have put the country on the world map
1. Mumbai’s Eastern Freeway – India’s second largest flyover
Mumbai’s Eastern Freeway is a technological and engineering marvel and is the first phase of Mumbai’s Eastern Freeway from Orange gate to Panjarpol.
More than 25,000 vehicles are expected to ply the freeway daily. The Eastern Freeway elevated road will be the longest of its kind in the country. The bridge will have 313 pillars and 3,340 segments.
2. Double-Decker trains of the Indian Railways
The Indian Railways are the lifeline of the Indian society. The Railways have been slowly introducing super-fast double-decker trains on many routes (depending on the demand).The much-awaited air-conditioned double Decker express train between Chennai and Bangalore started its run from April 25, 2013.
3. India’s first solar park at Charanka village in Gujarat
The Indian state of Gujarat accounts for 66% of India’s total solar power energy. The first solar power came up at Charanka village in Gujarat in April 2012. The park at Charanka, spread across 5,000 acres, has 500 MW of generation capacity of both solar and wind energy.
4. Banihal-Qazigund rail link through India’s longest railway tunnel
An 11-kml ong tunnel across the treacherous Pir Panjal mountain line in Jammu and Kashmir is the longest such transportation passage in India and second longest in Asia.
The 18-km long Banihal-Qazigund section of the ambitious mountain railway, connecting Kashmir Valley with Jammu region, is currently operational.
5. GIFT City in Gujarat
GIFT city project spread over 885 acres is a state-of-the-art internal infrastructure with all basic urban infrastructure elements along with an excellent external connectivity by roads, metro rail and Bus Rapid Transport Service (BRTS).
6. Metro rail Projects in various cities
Commuting and over-crowded public transport systems are a huge problem in metropolitan cities in India. However, after the success of the Delhi Metro, more and more Indian cities are seeing new Metro projects coming up. Metro services in Jaipur, Gurgaon and Mumbai are in the pipeline.
7. World’s highest rail bridge across Chenab River
India aims to built the world’s highest rail bridge across Chenab river in Jammu and Kashmir by 2016. It will be a test for Indian engineers due to the difficulty of the project.
The arc shaped bridges will be five times the height of Qutab Minar at 359 m above the river bed and will connect the Indian cities of Baramulla and Srinagar in J&K.